Rainscourt Family Law Solicitors

Can I Enforce a UK Child Maintenance Order If My Ex Lives Abroad – REMO?

Where a non-resident parent lives abroad, it can be possible to seek the payment of child maintenance through a reciprocal enforcement of maintenance order (REMO). A REMO can also be used in respect of the overseas income of a non-resident parent who is habitually resident in the UK.  The UK has REMO arrangements with over a 100 countries. The House of Commons Library has published a briefing paper which considers child maintenance cases where a non-resident parent or person with care lives overseas.

The Official Solicitor has published a list of countries where parents can apply to enforce or change a child maintenance decision made in UK courts. This list is set out below with a description of the relevant convention.

We represent clients living all over the world in respect of the resolution of their family law issues in this jurisdiction, England and Wales.  We offer our clients our experience of day to day dealing with complex international family law issues. Find out more here.

Countries Conventions
ALBANIA HAGUE 2007
ALGERIA UN
ANGUILLA COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
ANTIGUA COMMONWEALTH – 1920
AUSTRIA EU Regulation 4/2009
AUSTRALIA   (Will trace if the Territory is known)
       AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY + # HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
       COCOS (KEELING) ISLANDS HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH 1920
       GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH 1920
       NEW SOUTH WALES + HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
       NORTHERN TERRITORY + HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
       QUEENSLAND + HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
       SOUTH AUSTRALIA + HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
       TASMANIA + HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
       TERRITORY OF CHRISTMAS ISLAND HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH 1920
       VICTORIA + HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
       WESTERN AUSTRALIA + HAGUE, UN, COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
BAHAMAS COMMONWEALTH 1920
BARBADOS COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
BELIZE COMMONWEALTH 1920
BELGIUM EU Regulation 4/2009
BERMUDA COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA HAGUE 2007
BOTSWANA COMMONWEALTH 1920
BRAZIL UN
BRITISH SOLOMON ISLANDS COMMONWEALTH 1920
BRUNEI COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
BULGARIA EU Regulation 4/2009
BURKINA FASO UN
CANADA   (Will trace if the province is known)
ALBERTA# COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
BRITISH COLUMBIA COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
MANITOBA # COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
NEW BRUNSWICK * COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES * COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
NOVA SCOTIA + COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
NUNAVUT COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
ONTARIO COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
SASKATCHEWAN # COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
YUKON TERRITORY COMMONWEALTH 1920
CAPE VERDE UN
CAYMAN ISLANDS COMMONWEALTH 1920
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC UN
CHILE UN
CROATIA EU Regulation 4/2009
CZECH REPUBLIC EU Regulation 4/2009
CYPRUS (Northern Cyprus – see Turkey) EU Regulation 4/2009
DENMARK EU Regulation 4/2009
DOMINICA COMMONWEALTH 1920
ECUADOR UN
ESTONIA EU Regulation 4/2009
FALKLAND ISLANDS & DEPENDENCIES COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
FIJI COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
FINLAND EU Regulation 4/2009
FRANCE EU Regulation 4/2009
GAMBIA COMMONWEALTH 1920
GERMANY EU Regulation 4/2009
GHANA * COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
GIBRALTAR COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
GREECE EU Regulation 4/2009
GRENADA COMMONWEALTH 1920
GUATEMALA UN
GUYANA COMMONWEALTH 1920
GUERNSEY COMMONWEALTH 1920
HAITI UN
HOLY SEE UN
HONG KONG COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
HUNGARY EU Regulation 4/2009
ICELAND LUGANO
INDIA * COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
IRELAND – The Republic of EU Regulation 4/2009
ISLE OF MAN COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
ISRAEL UN
ITALY EU Regulation 4/2009
JAMAICA COMMONWEALTH 1920
JERSEY COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
KENYA * COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
KIRIBATI COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
LATVIA EU Regulation 4/2009
LESOTHO COMMONWEALTH 1920
LITHUANIA EU Regulation 4/2009
LUXEMBOURG EU Regulation 4/2009
MACEDONIA (Excluding Yugoslavian Republic) UN
MALAWI COMMONWEALTH 1920
MALAYSIA To be confirmed
MALTA EU Regulation 4/2009
MAURITIUS To be confirmed
MEXICO UN
MONACO UN
MONTENEGRO HAGUE 2007
MONTSERRAT COMMONWEALTH 1920
MOROCCO UN
NAURA COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
NETHERLANDS EU Regulation 4/2009
NEW ZEALAND #   (Will trace) COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
NIGER UN
NIGERIA COMMONWEALTH 1920
NORFOLK ISLAND + COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
NORWAY HAGUE 2007
PAKISTAN UN
PAPUA NEW GUINEA COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
PHILIPPINES UN
POLAND EU Regulation 4/2009
PORTUGAL EU Regulation 4/2009
ROMANIA EU Regulation 4/2009
ST CHRISTOPHER (KITTS) AND NEVIS COMMONWEALTH 1920
ST HELENA COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
ST LUCIA COMMONWEALTH 1920
ST VINCENT COMMONWEALTH 1920
SERBIA UN
SEYCHELLES COMMONWEALTH 1920
SIERRA LEONE COMMONWEALTH 1920
SINGAPORE COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
SLOVAKIA EU Regulation 4/2009
SLOVENIA EU Regulation 4/2009
SOUTH AFRICA * COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
SPAIN (includes the Canary Islands) EU Regulation 4/2009
SRI LANKA UN, COMMONWEALTH 1920
SURINAM UN
SWAZILAND PROTECTORATE COMMONWEALTH 1920
SWEDEN EU Regulation 4/2009
SWITZERLAND UN, HAGUE, LUGANO
TANZANIA (Except Zanzibar) * COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO COMMONWEALTH 1920
TUNISIA UN
TURKEY HAGUE 2007
TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS * COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
TUVALU COMMONWEALTH – PART 1
UGANDA COMMONWEALTH 1920
UKRAINE HAGUE 2007
UNITED STATES    (Will trace) HAGUE 2007
UPPER VOLTA UN
URUGUAY UN
VIRGIN ISLANDS COMMONWEALTH 1920
ZAMBIA COMMONWEALTH 1920
ZANZIBAR COMMONWEALTH 1920
ZIMBABWE * COMMONWEALTH – PART 1

*        Not affiliation orders

#       Not provisional affiliation orders

+       Not orders obtained by or in favour of a public authority

 NB:  COMMONWEALTH 1920 = MAINTENANCE ORDERS (FACILITIES FOR ENFORCEMENT) ACT 1920

COMMONWEALTH PART 1 = MAINTENANCE ORDERS (RECIPROCAL ENFORCEMENT) ACT 1972

For more help on a particular case, it is possible to contact either the relevant MEBC, or the REMO Unit at the Ministry of Justice; their contact details are:

• HM Courts & Tribunals Service Maintenance Enforcement Business Centres:

─ London: 020 7421 8657, or MEBC.London@hmcts.gsi.gov.uk ;
─ England excluding London: 0300 123 3034, or MEBC.BSE@hmcts.gsi.gov.uk ;
─ Wales: 01656 673833, or Wales_MEBC@hmcts.gsi.gov.uk ;

• REMO Unit: 020 3681 2757, or remo@offsol.gsi.gov.uk .

Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.

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